The squat is a fundamental movement pattern that we perform every day.
Not only is it crucial to master the movement pattern, but it is important to implement the squat as part of your exercise program. Once mastered, adding weight to your squat will assist in improving function, tissue resiliency and reduce the risk of injury.
Which squat is best?
All squats are beneficial, but which squat is best differs from person to person. It will ultimately come down to your program goals, and may differ depending on whether you wish to enhance your sport performance, or assist with your normal activities of daily living.
Is a front or back squat better for me?
There is more to it than just where the bar lays! The bar placement significantly changes the centre of gravity on the body. Here is a break-down of these two types of squats.
In summary, both squats have more similarities than differences, and effectively work the muscles surrounding the hip, knee, ankle and lower back, however muscular involvement does vary.
There are multiple variations of the squat each with their reason and purpose. By varying your type of squat, load, equipment, form, speed and foot placement, there are so many different ways to utilise the squat in your training.
At least one type of squat should be included in every exercise program, whether it be for health, wellbeing, longevity or to enhance sporting performance! Any squat is more functional than sitting down and standing up!